Emergency Dentistry (or a Dental Emergency) refers to a condition causing acute pain related to teeth, gums and supporting bone, or other structures in or around the mouth. Sudden loss or damage to a dental restoration causing cosmetic concern or difficulty eating or speaking is also sometimes considered an emergency, even if there is no pain.
Emergency bone grafting is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone in order to repair fractures that are complicated and can pose a health risk to a patient. When your teeth are anchored to your jaw, a significant amount of healthy bone structure must be present to support the teeth. If an infection is present after tooth loss, then there may be deterioration of the bone and the bone grafting process may be recommended.
If a tooth has been broken or damaged by decay, your dentist will try to fix it with a filling, crown or other treatment. Sometimes, though, there is too much damage for the tooth to be repaired. This is the most common reason for extracting a tooth. There are other reasons for a tooth extraction.
Root canal therapy is as much preventative as it is an emergency treatment. Sometimes referred to as endodontic treatment which is necessary when an infection is uncovered and needs to be removed to protect the tooth from further bacterial and microbial invasion. The procedure is traditionally know as a root canal. The reason for the name is because the root canal and their associated pulp chamber are the hallows inside the tooth that house the nerve tissue, blood vessels, and cellular entities.
When a Root Canal Treatment is Necessary
Sometimes the tooth becomes threatened by infection, decay, cracking and future infection becomes likely or inevitable, and removal of the pulp tissue around the tooth becomes advisable to prevent such an infection. The good news is that the infected tooth can be saved, rather than removed. This process can involve one to three visits and involves little to no pain. The goal in this emergency treatment is saving the tooth with as little damage or pain possible. A local anesthetic is usually given before the procedure to maintain comfort. The affected tooth will be covered during treatment to protect it from saliva with a rubber like sheet called a dam. Antibiotics may be prescribed after the treatment if an infection is present and has spread beyond the roots of the tooth.